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eGEO > Blog > 2018 > August

¿Le gustaría conocer con precisión cuáles son las horas del día en que consume más electricidad en su hogar, qué días de la semana se dispara su demanda eléctrica y hasta qué electrodomésticos concentran el gasto?

¿Le gustaría usar esa información para modificar sus hábitos de consumo y tratar de bajar el monto de la factura cada mes?

El Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (ICE) anunció un plan para instalar casi 1,5 millones de medidores inteligentes en casas, comercios e industrias. Ese número cubre al 100% de los abonados de esta empresa pública, la mayor proveedora de electricidad del país.

La colocación de los aparatos empezaría este año y concluiría en 2023, según las proyecciones del ICE.

Raynar García Villalobos, gestor de Redes Eléctricas Inteligentes e Innovación, explicó que los datos le permitirán a los clientes decidir si cambian algunas rutinas del hogar para bajar la factura eléctrica mensual.

Por ejemplo, una familia podría dejar de usar la secadora de ropa en la franja horaria que el ICE denomina como hora pico (de 10 a. m. a 12:30 p. m. y de 5:30 p. m. a 8 p. m.) y hacer esa labor en las horas valle (resto del día).

De acuerdo con la Autoridad Reguladora de los Servicios Públicos (Aresep), en las horas pico el costo de cada kilovatio oscila entre ¢154,26 y ¢175,57, mientras que en las horas valle el valor es de ¢26,34 a ¢71,47.

Según el ICE, el consumo eléctrico promedio en una casa de la Gran Área Metropolitana (GAM) es de 300 kilovatios al mes.

“Vamos a tener una comunicación constante y plena con el dispositivo inteligente y el cliente final y a través de este sistema podría obtener información del consumo mensual en su casa o establecimiento” Raynar García Villalobos, gestor de Redes Eléctricas Inteligentes e Innovación.

García aseguró que la información sobre el consumo de cada hogar es confidencial y no se compartirá con ningún tercero.

En una primera etapa, los usuarios podrán solicitar los reportes de consumo al ICE y la entidad les hará llegar los datos. Sin embargo, la idea es que más adelante exista un sitio web donde los abonados puedan consultar en línea con su número de recibo.

En la actualidad, 75.000 clientes del ICE ya tienen medidores inteligentes. Hasta marzo del año pasado la cantidad de ese tipo de controladores de consumo eléctrico era de 38.000.

Beneficios para el ICE

La primera ventaja para el Instituto es que ahorrará tiempo y dinero en lectura de medidores, pues aún hay muchos inspectores que recorren las calles para anotar el consumo de casas, industrias y comercios.

Todos los datos que generen los medidores eléctricos inteligentes serán trasladados en tiempo real a los sistemas informáticos del ICE, lo cual permitirá un mejor monitoreo de la demanda eléctrica.

También podrán saber si los medidores son alterados, removidos o si varias casas están tomando electricidad de una misma conexión.

La información dará insumos para precisar dónde hay averías o recargas de transformadores eléctricos.

El Instituto agregó que prepara un plan para reutilizar el vidrio, aluminio y demás componentes de los medidores mecánicos que retirará de casas y comercios.

En zonas rurales, cerca de 239.000 abonados ya tienen medidores eléctricos inteligentes, según el Consorcio Nacional de Empresas de Electrificación de Costa Rica (Coneléctricas), conformado por Coopelesca, Coopesantos, Coopeguanacaste y Coopealfaroruiz.

Fuente: La Nación (Costa Rica)

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The £83 million Smart Grid Enablers programme is scheduled for completion in 2023

The smart grid aims to provide solutions that could save £500m by 2031

The smart grid aims to provide solutions that could save £500m by 2031

UK electrical distribution company, Northern Powergrid, has begun the next phase of work to future-proof more than 860 of its substation controllers for the implementation of smart grid solutions. It claims to be the country’s most comprehensive network upgrade programme and is part of the utility’s Smart Grid Enablers programme.

It aims to create the backbone of a smart grid and will support the North’s ambitions to put low-carbon technology at the centre of its economy. The solutions it enables could reportedly save up to £500 million by 2031. This phase of the programme is scheduled to complete in 2023.

 

Next generation smart grid solutions

Northern Powergrid’s £83 million Smart Grid Enablers programme, is preparing its regional economy for rapid growth of electric vehicles, domestic heat pumps and renewable power.

 

The Smart Substations project will see Northern Powergrid work with ZIV Automation UK to replace the substation remote terminal unit (RTU) equipment and establish a modern platform for the implementation of next generation smart grid solutions and applications.

“This is a significant and technically challenging operation drawing on many of our highly specialist technical functions across the business,” said Mark Nicholson, head of Smart Grid Implementation at Northern Powergrid. “It has been an impressive team effort between Northern Powergrid and ZIV Automation UK to get us to this stage. The advantage at the end of this work will be infrastructure that will enable us to operate our network in a more flexible way to deliver more value for our customers through smarter, more efficient and cost-effective services.”

The RTU acts as an interface to the electrical plant within a substation, marshalling alarms, plant status and analogue data (such as voltage, current and power information) and communicating with control engineers via the network management system. The RTU directs the digital control commands from the control engineer to operate equipment such as circuit breakers and tap changers within the substation, while also providing the platform for more advanced control schemes within the substation.

 

Customer-led transition

Northern Powergrid operates 8,000 substations across the North East, Yorkshire and northern Lincolnshire, delivering power to 3.9 million homes and businesses in the region. It is currently laying the foundations of its customer-led transition to become a distributed system operator (DSO), and this work will form a key part of that change.

Earlier this month it also announced a number of internal initiatives that will help it get ‘hands on’ with electric vehicles (EVs) and charging infrastructure, building on insights from its customer-led Network Revolution programme.

 

“At the end of this work will be infrastructure that will enable us to operate our network in a more flexible way”

Key initiatives will be implemented in 2018 to give Northern Powergrid’s 2,500 employees the chance to engage with new EV technology across several of its 28 sites. It will also use the opportunity to observe both how its employees interact with the EVs and the resulting impact on the network to unveil possibilities for how EV owners and the supporting infrastructure might operate in reality.

As part of the initiative, Northern Powergrid is investing in installing new EV charging points at 11 of its sites. The aim is to encourage employees to go electric well ahead of the 2040 ban on new diesel and petrol car sales.

This will be supported by a second initiative to install on-site vehicle-to-grid (V2G) charging points that will not only boost the number of EV chargers available, but will also contribute to a trial of best use of V2G in fleet operations. Installation for the first of 16 V2G chargers will begin this month.

Northern Powergrid will also begin a process of fleet electrification, starting with its pool cars and is undertaking a survey of EV ownership in the business to ensure the growing EV driver base has the right infrastructure, breaking down barriers to adoption across its own workforce.

Source: Smart Cities World

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Smart meters are the next generation of gas and electricity meters and offer a range of intelligent ‘smart’ functions, much like your smartphone and smart TV.

Smart meter

They are being installed across Great Britain as a part of a national upgrade to our energy system.

Smart meters put people in control of their energy use by showing them how much energy they use in pounds and pence via an easy to understand In-Home Display.

With accurate information at their fingertips, consumers can easily understand how they can make small changes to the way they use energy in order to use less and save money on their bills. This information can help them choose a better tariff or switch supplier, increasing their savings even further.

Smart meters also communicate directly with your energy supplier meaning you will get accurate bills and only pay for what you use without the hassle of providing meter readings yourself or taking time out of your day to let the meter reader in.

Consumers with smart pre-payment meters will be able to top up directly online, through an app or at the local shop. No more keys or cards, making it much more convenient. The prepay in-home display will have an easy-to-understand screen that will show how much credit is left. So no more late-night dashes out to top up your energy balance.

Smart meters are the building blocks of a smarter energy system fit for the 21st century.

Over 11 million meters are already empowering consumers to reap the rewards of a smarter energy system – with 400,000 more meters benefitting homes and businesses every month. 8 out of 10 of those with a smart meter would recommend them to friends and family.

In the future, consumers will be able to choose for their new smart household gadgets and appliances to talk to their smart meter and help reduce their household bills. For example, your smart washing machine can automatically run at the cheapest time of the day, directed by information coming through your smart meter.

The government is committed to every home and small business being offered a smart meter by end 2020 – you can choose whether to have one or not. There are clear standards of conduct, overseen by energy regulator Ofgem, that require suppliers to treat consumers fairly and not mislead them when marketing the benefits of smart meters to their customers.

What are the benefits of smart meters?

  • smart meters put consumers in control of their energy use, so they can save money on their bills – those savings will be worth more than £1.2 billion a year by 2030
  • they provide easier, accurate billing and will help consumers choose the best deal for them
  • no more estimated billing – something we only seem to tolerate in utilities – no more having to crawl under the stairs or to take time out of your day to provide manual readings to your supplier
  • smart meters are set to be the cornerstone of the smart energy system of the future, potentially saving Great Britain up to £40 billion between now and 2050

What do energy consumers who already have smart meters think?

  • 82% of people with smart meters say they have a better idea of their energy costs
  • 8 out 10 people with smart meters say they would recommend them to friends or family
  • 90% of people with a smart meter say they are satisfied with the installation process
  • hundreds of thousands of energy consumers are choosing to have smart meters in their homes every month

Myths

Myth 1: Smart meters stop people from switching and lock them into one supplier

Fact: That is simply untrue. All consumers can switch whenever they want. In fact households with smart meters are more likely to switch than those who don’t have one, with 23% of people with smart meters switching in the last year, versus 17% without a smart meter.(1)

Myth 2: Smart meters don’t really help you save money

Fact: Not true. More than 80% of people with smart meters have taken steps to reduce their energy use and as a result, cut their bills.(2) It is estimated smart meters will take £300 million off consumer’s bills in 2020, rising to more than £1.2 billion per year by 2030 – an average annual saving of £47 per household.(3) 8 in 10 consumers with a smart meter would recommend one to family and friends.(4)

Myth 3: People are being forced to have smart meters installed

Fact: Not true. Those customers who want to benefit from having a smart meter can have one installed at no extra cost, but installing a smart meter is always the customer’s choice and people have the right to say no.

Myth 4: Suppliers are bullying consumers into having a smart meter installed

Fact: Ofgem has made it clear suppliers must treat customers fairly and their communications must be complete, accurate and not misleading. Ofgem will take up complaints with energy suppliers for customers who feel they are being bullied or coerced into getting a smart meter.

Myth 5: Smart meters can be hacked and are a safety hazard in the home

Fact: Smart meters are secure, with a security system developed by leading experts in industry and government including GCHQ’s National Cyber Security Centre.

Smart meter installations are also making British homes safer. In the past 18 months, over 430,000 safety issues were identified by smart meter installers, unrelated to the smart meter installation, as a result of free visual safety checks, helping to protect households across Great Britain.

Myth 6: Suppliers are installing ‘dumb’ meters that fail when you switch supplier

Fact: All smart meters offer the same smart functions to customers. Some first generation smart meters may lose some smart functionality if consumers switch but 93% of those installed remain unaffected. This issue is only temporary however and all smart meters will retain their full capabilities when they are enrolled into the national wireless smart meter network. This upgrade will begin by the end of 2018 and will happen automatically without the consumer needing to do anything.

Myth 7: Consumers with poor mobile signal can’t get a smart meter

Fact: By the end of the year more than 95% of households will have signal, rising to 99.25% by the end of 2020 – meaning that almost every household who wants one will be able to have a smart meter.

Myth 8: Suppliers aren’t making enough progress on the rollout of smart meters

Fact: Over 400,000 smart meters are being installed every month and 11 million are already operating across Great Britain. Ofgem holds suppliers to account to ensure they are meeting their obligations to roll out smart meters and can fine energy companies for missing targets.

Myth 9: Smart meters can turn off your fridge without you knowing

Fact: No they can’t. It will always be up to consumers to decide when to use their appliances. In the future smart meters will allow consumers to be rewarded when they use appliances at times when energy is cheaper.

Myth 10: Smart meters mean suppliers can charge higher prices without you knowing

Fact: Energy suppliers can only charge prices customers have agreed to – and that won’t change. Customers with smart meters can access tariffs that allow them to get cheaper prices at times when demand is low – but it will always be the customer’s choice.

Source. Gov.uk

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Energy Minister Claire Perry has praised OVO Energy’s electric vehicle offering – enabled by smart meters – for rewarding off-peak energy use.

  • growing number of electric car owners could save and even make money from innovative technology by selling energy back to the grid
  • smart energy innovations, including smart tariffs, could save the UK as much as £40 billion between now and 2050

Energy Minister Claire Perry today (16 August 2018) hailed OVO Energy for its “innovative” electric vehicle (EV) products – enabled by smart meters – which could see millions save and even make money from their electric cars.

OVO Energy, based in Bristol city centre and London, is one of just a few companies already using smart meters to offer innovative products, such as rewarding customers for charging their electric vehicles at off-peak times. These offers, made possible thanks to a smart meter, help customers use energy at times when there is less demand on the grid, in turn saving money on their bills.

Smart charging and Vehicle to Grid charging could become a cornerstone of the way we use energy in the UK, with more than 8 million people in Britain considering buying or leasing an electric vehicle in the next 5 years. With this technology, customers will not only be able to choose to use energy at the cheapest times but also make money by selling energy from their vehicle’s battery at times when it is most in demand. This will support the growth of renewable energy generation in the UK.

Smart energy innovations, such as smart tariffs and smart charging, could save the UK as much as £40 billion between now and 2050.

Smart meters also support OVO’s intelligent platform VCharge, which is enabling residential appliances such as electric vehicles, electric heaters and in-home batteries to help balance the grid and reduce energy costs.

Energy and Clean Growth Minister Claire Perry said:

More than 11 million meters are already empowering consumers to reap the rewards of a smarter energy system, putting homes and small businesses on the road to a smarter future.

Smart meters will be the cornerstone of a cleaner, flexible and efficient energy system, saving the country tens of billions of pounds.

New innovative products and tariffs like these will put consumers in the fast lane when it comes to control of their energy use, saving and even making them money when using their electric vehicles.

These products are just one of the ways smart meters save money. They put people in control of their energy use by showing them how much energy they use in pounds and pence via an easy to understand In-Home Display. With this information at their fingertips, consumers can easily understand how they can make small changes to the way they use energy in order to use less and save money on their bills – up to £1.2 billion a year by 2030.

Stephen Fitzpatrick, CEO and Founder, OVO said:

Getting the smart meter rollout right should be the top priority for the government and the energy sector in the UK right now so it’s encouraging to see the minister here today.

The smart meter rollout is a huge and complicated programme. However, there’s no question it needs to be done as we can’t build the energy system of the future unless we know accurately how much energy people are using and when.

OVO is using technology like electric vehicles, smart electric heat and batteries to help lower energy bills for consumers and enable us to use more renewable energy. None of this technology will work without smart metering.

We welcome the government’s recent efforts to improve the delivery of smart meters but there is still more work to do.

At OVO’s offices, the minister also met with their smart meter installation engineers, who undergo thorough training ahead of installations. When having a smart meter installed all homes and small businesses benefit from a free visual safety check of their gas appliances and electricity supply; and the past 18 months alone, installers have raised 430,000 safety notices for issues not related to smart meters during installation visits as part of the free visual safety check provided.

More than 400,000 meters are being installed by energy suppliers across Great Britain each month. Consumers can call their supplier and book and appointment to have one installed.

More than 500,000 households in the South West have already had a smart meter installed and those still without one could save a collective £50 million if they had a smart meter installed. If every household in Great Britain got a smart meter, we could save enough energy to power every household in Exeter, Plymouth and Swindon for 2 years.

Apprentices powering Hinkley Point C

Separately, the minister also visited new nuclear site Hinkley Point C today, where a 250-strong apprentice force is powering this Somerset nuclear project – site owners, EDF expect 1,000 apprentices to work on the project during its lifespan.

Hinkley Point C is the UK’s first new nuclear power station in a generation and is poised to make a major contribution to the UK’s move to reduce carbon emissions through clean energy production.

Nuclear energy already provides around 20% of the UK’s electricity from existing sites and Hinkley Point C’s future output will significantly boost this figure. The clean electricity it will generate upon completion is all part of this government’s modern Industrial Strategy, which actively encourages clean growth in business and energy production, helping to create better higher-paying jobs across the UK.

Hinkley Point C remains on track to meet its next major milestone, the 2019 nuclear concrete construction target of completing the foundations for the first reactor. Energy production is expected to start in 2025.

Source: Gov.UK

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Smart metering and street lighting represent key market segments in Mexico

Mexico has steadily progressed in developing one of the largest smart grid infrastructure and smart cities markets in both Latin America and among all emerging market countries. The single state-owned utility CFE has been very active in deploying smart meters and other smart grid infrastructure. In addition, cities and municipalities across Mexico are deploying LED streetlights and are beginning to pilot smart, or connected, street lighting. Over the next decade, Mexico is projected to invest $6.3 billion in smart grid infrastructure and a further $2.1 billion in LED and smart street lighting, according to a new study published today by Northeast Group, LLC.

“Mexican utility CFE recently increased its projections for smart meter deployments and is on track to average 1.4 million endpoints per year over the period 2018-2020,” said Ben Gardner, president of Northeast Group. “Over the next decade, Northeast Group projects CFE will deploy 17.7 million smart meters. Furthermore, in the smart cities segment, municipalities have already installed approximately 1.5 million LED streetlights and are looking to boost these numbers significantly in the years to come. They are also looking to network these streetlights with communications to create smart street lighting capable of incorporating a number of sensors.”

Recent smart meter deployments have been funded through the PIDIREGAS public-private financing program. Going forward, the 15-year “Development Program for the National Electric System (PRODESEN)” is now required by law to include a specific section on smart grid infrastructure investment. This is helping to codify smart grid investment in the country.

Both domestic and international vendors are participating in the market. A number of smart metering players are already active including Aclara, Honeywell, Itron, Landis+Gyr, Siemens, Trilliant, Wasion and others. In addition, local players such as Ambar, Atemex, Eneri, H01a Innovacion, IUSA, Tecnologias EOS and others are active in the smart grid infrastructure market. In the smart cities segment, vendors such as Acuity, AT&T, Citelum, DimOnOff, GreenStar, Signify (Philips Lighting), Telensa, Van Tecnologia and others are either already active or targeting the Mexican market.

Source: tdworld

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Energy experts believe that blockchain technology can solve a maze of red tape and data management problems.

On an electricity grid, electrons generated from the sun, wind, or other renewable sources are indistinguishable from those generated by fossil fuels. To keep track of how much clean energy is produced, governments around the world have created systems based on tradable certificates.

Problem is, the way we manage these certificates “sucks,” and it’s holding up investment in renewable power, says Jesse Morris, an energy expert at the Rocky Mountain Institute. A new system based on blockchain, the technology at the heart of Bitcoin and other digital currencies, could fix this, he says.

Keeping track of renewable-energy certificates is one of dozens of potential applications of blockchain technology that could solve data management challenges in the electricity sector without disrupting business as usual, according to Morris. He and many others believe that in the long term, the technology could help transform the very architecture of the grid itself.

A blockchain is a shared, encrypted ledger that is maintained by a network of computers. These computers verify transactions—in the case of Bitcoin, the transfer of cryptocurrency between individual users. Each user can access the ledger, and there is no single authority (see “Why Bitcoin Could Be Much More Than a Currency”). Advocates say the technology could be especially promising in industries where networks of peers—electricity producers and consumers, connected via the grid, for instance—depend on shared sets of data.

When a renewable-power plant generates a unit of electricity today, a meter spits out data that gets logged in a spreadsheet. The spreadsheet is then sent to a registry provider, where the data gets entered into a new system and a certificate is created. A second set of intermediaries brokers deals between buyers and sellers of these certificates, and yet another party verifies the certificates after they are purchased.

Such a byzantine system racks up transaction costs, while leaving plenty of room for accounting errors that can range from honest mistakes to outright fraud. The lack of transparency also scares many people off entirely

What if the meter wrote the data directly to a blockchain instead? Most of these problems would vanish at a stroke, says Morris.

And that’s just the beginning—many energy experts are convinced that blockchain technology has the potential to touch off a fundamental transformation of modern energy grids.

The electricity sector is, for the most part, still based on massive, centralized power plants that generate power sent long distances over transmission and distribution lines. In recent years, though, a growing number of smaller “distributed” power generators and storage systems, like rooftop solar panels and electric-vehicle batteries, have been connecting to the grid.

The owners of these systems struggle to maximize their value because the system is so inefficient, says Jemma Green, cofounder and chair of Power Ledger, an Australia-based startup developing a blockchain-based platform that allows producers to trade energy peer-to-peer with consumers. For instance, it generally takes 60 to 80 days for an electricity producer to get paid. With a blockchain-based system, Green says, producers can get paid immediately, so they need less capital to start and run a generating business.

In such a system, neighbors could simply trade energy with one another—a far more efficient process than selling electrons back to the grid first. Power Ledger has demonstrated a product that can turn an apartment building into a microgrid based on a shared system of solar panels and battery storage, for example. Another company, called LO3 Energy, set up a neighborhood microgrid in Brooklyn.

But the traditional system “hasn’t yet figured out how to deal with” this kind of local trading, Green says. “How much should you pay for using a discrete part of the network?” She says her company’s platform—and blockchain technology in general—can “add a level of sophistication to the market by enabling those more granular transactions.”

To unleash the potential of blockchain in the energy sector, Jesse Morris’s team at RMI has joined with Austria-based blockchain startup Grid Singularity to create a new nonprofit called the Energy Web Foundation. Earlier this month, the EWF launched its own blockchain, which Morris says is “purpose-built for the energy sector.” Based on Ethereum, the network will be a test bed for promising use cases. To validate transactions during the test, EWF will rely on 10 major energy companies that have signed on as affiliates.

The team will begin with applications like tracking renewable-energy certificates. In the longer term, though, Morris envisions a world in which homes and buildings are equipped with software that automatically sells and buys power to and from the grid on the basis of real-time price signals.

Source: MIT Tech Review

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Chicago’s electric bus fleet will be capable of putting power back onto the grid when not in use.

Chicago has sweltered under several heat waves this summer, pushing the city’s power grid toward its capacity each time.

The manufacturer of the city’s new fleet of electric buses says the vehicles could help relieve some of that burden on the grid.

“Proterra’s Catalyst buses can act as a grid resource, although it is up to individual transit agencies, like CTA, to determine how to utilize those capabilities,” Karaline Bridgeford, a Proterra spokesperson, said.

The company introduced new high-power charging options in May that include energy management capabilities and are compatible with Chicago’s expanding fleet of electric buses.

Bridgeford said the new charging systems were designed for two-way flow of power, which means when the buses aren’t being driven, they could be plugged into the grid and used by ComEd as a battery.

“Every bus on the road will carry about a half a megawatt hour of energy storage onboard, which can be utilized in emergency-response situations, or in periods of high-energy demand to eliminate the need to turn on combustion power-plants,” Bridgeford said. “Proterra also designed its bus batteries so that at the end of their transit life they have useful second-life applications for energy storage.”

Officials with the Chicago Transit Authority say that the buses will charge for five to 10 minutes at end of the route and during layovers, but they are looking at how the fleet could be used to balance out the grid. “We are considering electric grid management options such as off-vehicle energy storage systems,” said Steve Mayberry, CTA spokesperson.

Still, questions remain about the viability of a small fleet of electric buses to serve as a useful grid battery. Susan Mudd, attorney and senior policy advocate for the Environmental Law and Policy Center, says the case for electric transit buses isn’t as clear, as say, the case for electric school buses. Electric school buses have a fixed schedule: drop kids off at school in the morning and pick them up in the afternoon, and they have summers off for the most part.

“Transit buses run more hours a day,” Mudd said. “So, there’s less time when they’re actually not in use and able to feed electricity back into the grid. That may be possible overnight, but there also needs to be recharging.”

Still, Mudd and the ELPC are supportive of CTA’s decision to move toward a cleaner fleet of buses. She says that buses spend a lot of time idling and the emissions are harmful for public health. “They’re harmful to the people standing around, who are waiting to get on and off, and passengers, the driver, and neighborhoods through which they run,” she said.

She added that as the electric grid, over time, gets more and more renewable resources, the emissions reductions will only increase as the source of the buses power will be cleaner energy, too. The 20 new buses are expected to displace 2.5 million gallons of diesel in their lifetime and eliminate 4.5 million pounds of carbon emissions each year.

Chicago already has two electric buses, which have been in service since 2014. The 20 new electric buses are a large investment for the city, but fewer than it once considered. The city put out a call out for bids last year for as many as 45 electric buses.

Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel has touted the new buses as greener and more efficient. “This is just the latest example of the types of investments we will continue to make in the years to come, further solidifying Chicago as a world-class city that is at the forefront of modern and green technologies,” Emanuel said in a statement.

The first of the new buses are expected to hit the streets this year, while more questions need to be answered before the city decides what if any role they will play backing up the city’s electric system.

Source: energynews.us

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Nuevas estimaciones apuntan a que el complejo fotovoltaico de Benban alcanzará entre 1.6 a 2.0 GW de energía solar a mediados del 2019. Actualmente decenas de empresas, entre británicas, alemanas y españolas trabajan en la construcción del mayor parque solar del mundo al sur de Egipto.

 

El complejo fotovoltaico se ubica 650 km al sur de El Cairo, en la ciudad de Asuán, en el corazón del desierto egipcio; busca ayudar al país a satisfacer el 20 % de sus necesidades de electricidad con energías renovables. Esa región oriental del Desierto del Sahara tiene algunos de los mejores recursos de energía solar, por encima del desierto del oeste de Estados Unidos y México, pero quizás justo detrás del mejor lugar del mundo, en las tierras altas del desierto chileno.

 

La construcción del complejo de Benban está contemplado en el plan del Gobierno egipcio de reducir la dependencia de los combustibles fósiles para el 2022, que ahora representan cerca del 90% de la generación eléctrica del país. Actualmente 29 proyectos se encuentran en marcha con una inversión en conjunto estimada de $1,800 millones de dólares.

Reino Unido ha anunciado una inversión de 97 millones de dólares en el parque Benban; la inversión británica, que será realizada a través de la empresa estatal CDC Group, aportará una potencia de 400 megavatios, que corresponde al 20 % del total de la capacidad de generación de energía del proyecto, que alcanzará 1.8 GW, como estimación inicial.

 

Este plan de inversión se enmarca en un acuerdo de financiación firmado por el Gobierno egipcio con la Corporación Financiera Internacional (IFC, por su sigla en inglés), adscrita al Banco Mundial, por $653 millones de dólares con los que se costearán trece plantas solares dentro de Benban.

“IFC y un consorcio de nueve bancos internacionales proporcionarán un paquete de deuda de $ 653 millones para financiar la construcción de 13 plantas de energía solar, que se unirán a otras 19 plantas para formar el Parque Solar Benban, el mayor paquete de financiación del sector privado para una instalación solar fotovoltaica en el Medio Oriente y el Norte de África. Las plantas costarán un total de $823 millones”, explicó la CFI en un comunicado.

 

En el complejo de Benban también participan empresas como Acciona Energía, que construirá tres plantas fotovoltaicas gemelas en alianza al 50% con la compañía saudí Swicorp, a través de la plataforma de energías renovables de ésta última, Enara Bahrain Spv Wll. La potencia nominal total será de 150 megavatios y la inversión aproximada ascenderá a $180 millones de dólares.

La constructora alemana ib vogt también participa en el complejo con la construcción de tres proyectos solares a gran escala que suman una capacidad combinada de energía solar fotovoltaica de 166.5 MW. La empresa teutona se asoció con Phoenix Energy, Infinity Solar y BPE Partners en el proyecto, que está siendo financiado con préstamos de desarrollo por un valor de $146 millones de dólares otorgados por el Banco Europeo de Reconstrucción y Desarrollo (EBRD), el Dutch Development Bank (FMO) y el Fondo Verde para el Clima (GCF).

 

El proyecto del complejo solar forma parte de una estrategia mundial que busca desplazar a los combustibles fósiles. Actualmente los costos de la generación de energía solar fotovoltaica vienen disminuyendo en forma acelerada. En varios países, el costo de la energía solar ya es inferior al del carbón y el gas.

Las expectativas son altas: las energías renovables encabezan las fuentes utilizadas para generar electricidad a nivel mundial, la energía solar ocupa el primer lugar entre las energías renovables y los países en desarrollo ya representan más de la mitad de la generación de energía solar a nivel mundial.

 

FUENTE: NACIÓN ELÉCTRICA

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Explota la oferta de trabajo para responder a digitalización de redes y contratos de renovables.

 

 

26 de julio 2018

El mundo cambia a pasos agigantados y la energía es uno de sus soportes para hacerlo. Grupo Siemens, por ejemplo, centra su foco en la innovación digital de la industria, las infraestructuras y la energía. Parte de los 24.000 investigadores de Siemens son expertos en soluciones de eficiencia energética para hacer un sistema sostenible y absorben parte de los 5.600 millones de euros dedicados cada año por la empresa a investigación y desarrollo.

“Los cambios hacia redes inteligentes, el suministro del carro eléctrico, los contratos exclusivos de energía verde, la generación distribuida, el almacenamiento eléctrico y la digitalización del sector energético generan oportunidades de empleo de profesionales especializados en estas áreas”, asegura Carlos Anta, director de Talento y Compensación de Acciona.

Las universidades responden con formación especializada, completada con prácticas en empresas. La Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería (ICAI) de la Universidad Pontificia Comillas estrena el máster en Smart Grids (redes inteligentes), junto con la Universidad de Strathclyde (Glasgow), para “formar a los ingenieros requeridos por las empresas eléctricas, sus proveedores de bienes y servicios, consultoras, organismos de investigación y reguladores para la transformación digital del sector energético y eléctrico”, asegura Miguel Ángel Sánchez Fornié, director del máster en Smart Grids.

Bilingüe y con prácticas

Las universidades públicas han puesto al día sus estudios de ingeniería industrial. La Universidad Carlos III adaptó los planes de estudios del grado en Ingeniería Eléctrica a las nuevas salidas profesionales. La formación es bilingüe, tiene prácticas en empresas y se completa con el máster en Energías Renovables de Sistemas Eléctricos. También la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid complementó el grado de Ingeniería Industrial con un máster en Ingeniería Eléctrica, y la Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC) contempla los cambios en su posgrado de Smart Cities: Ciudad y Tecnología.

 

Los cambios hacia redes inteligentes, y la digitalización del sector energético generan oportunidades para profesionales especializados

La especialización del sector irá en aumento, los nuevos perfiles profesionales darán paso a “nuevos departamentos que generarán otros puestos de trabajo, todavía más especializados en estas áreas”, añade Javier Azorín, responsable de selección de Iberdrola España, que demanda sobre todo ingenieros, matemáticos y físicos, así como profesionales de formación profesional de la rama eléctrica. “Pedimos un alto nivel de idiomas (inglés y portugués), experiencia internacional y capacidad de trabajo en equipos multidisciplinares y multiculturales”, puntualiza Javier Azorín.

La Universidad Europea responde con el grado en Ingeniería de la Energía
(completado con un máster). “Es bilingüe para que nuestros alumnos puedan trabajar en cualquier mercado. Ahora participan en el desarrollo del proyecto de un edificio de autoconsumo renovable en Japón. De hecho, salen colocados en las empresas de energía y sus suministradores de todo el mundo, como Siemens o Honeywell, o en empresas de componentes eléctricos como ABB, Panasonic, Toshiba o Itachi. Algunos desarrollan proyectos internacionales de ingeniería renovable desde Madrid”, asegura Luis Manuel Perezagua, profesor del máster universitario en Ingeniería Industrial de la Universidad Europea.

Tal demanda ha elevado los salarios. “El sector de energía eléctrica, gas, vapor y aire acondicionado repite como el mejor remunerado en la última encuesta del Instituto Nacional de Estadística, con un salario medio de 50.531 euros, y la tendencia se mantendrá en el futuro. Nuestros alumnos salen colocados o crean su propia empresa”, apostilla Edgardo D. Castronuovo, director del departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid.

La revolución digital y verde no quedará en la evolución de las ingenierías. Los sectores del automóvil y de paneles solares también necesitarán perfiles especializados.

 

FUENTE: Edición EL PAÍS

 

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La posible llegada del fenómeno de ‘El Niño’ y la salida de la hidroeléctrica llevaron a la Creg a convocar dos subastas.

Ambas medidas regulatorias buscan asegurar la disponibilidad de una oferta eficiente.

 

JULIO 25 DE 2018

Ante una alta probabilidad de que aparezca el fenómeno de ‘El Niño’ en el país, que sería a finales del primer trimestre del 2019, la Nación se prepara para evitar que el Sistema Interconectado Nacional (SIN) colapse por una disminución en el nivel de los embalses.
Por esta razón, la Comisión de Regulación de Energía y Gas (Creg), dependencia adscrita al Ministerio de Minas y Energía (MME), expidió en las últimas horas dos resoluciones para garantizar la confiabilidad en el suministro de energía ante el fenómeno climatológico.

La primera norma (Resolución 083/2018) fija los parámetros de subasta para asignar las Obligaciones de Energía Firme (OEF) del Cargo por Confiabilidad, entre el 1.° de diciembre del 2019 y el 30 de noviembre del 2022.

La segunda (Resolución 084/2018) convoca a otra subasta, esta vez de Reconfiguración de Venta para el período 2018 al 2019. Ambas, fueron expedidas como norma excepcional por la Creg ante la no entrada de la Central Hidroeléctrica de Ituango (Hidroituango) en la matriz energética, que estaba programada para la primera semana de diciembre.

Cabe recordar que el principal problema en el 2016, que tuvo al país al borde de un racionamiento, fue precisamente el Cargo por Confiabilidad, el cual se creó sin reservas financieras y mecanismos de auditoría que permitieran vigilar los recursos que se les destinaron a las termoeléctricas e hidroeléctricas del 2007 al 2015 para garantizar energía en momentos críticos.

Así, si hubiera programado el remanente económicos y ejercido el debido control, generadoras como Termoflores o Termocandelaria no presentaron los problemas de suministro.

Este último complejo incluso terminó siendo intervenido (por falta de liquidez) por la Superintendencia de Servicios Públicos, por un posible detrimento por $567.000 millones que se le destinaron por el Cargo por Confiabilidad.

La Resolución 083 (en respuesta a la Resolución 065/2018 que estuvo en comentarios) tiene como fin reorganizar o redistribuir el suministro de energía en firme que se entrega al SIN, es decir, con la subasta se busca trazar el balance para la entrega frecuente de corriente eléctrica.

Como reza el documento, el Administrador del Sistema de Intercambios Comerciales (Asic) del mercado de energía mayorista es el que debe llevar a cabo la asignación de OEF del Cargo por Confiabilidad para las plantas de generación existentes.

“Esta asignación se realizará conforme al procedimiento establecido en el artículo 25 de la Resolución Creg 071 del 2006, que se basa en el escenario alto de la proyección de la demanda de energía eléctrica, revisión abril del 2018, elaborada por la Unidad de Planeación Minero Energética (Upme)”, resalta la citada norma.

A renglón seguido, el texto indica que este cargo, con el que se remunera la energía firme comprometida en la OEF que se asignan para los periodos (ya citados), “será el resultante de aplicar la metodología expuesta en el anexo 1 de la Resolución Creg 140 del 2017, en donde se determina el Cargo por Confiabilidad del menú de corto plazo con el precio marginal de escacez”.

Al respecto, la declaración de parámetros, que es la primera actividad del cronograma para el proceso de asignación de obligaciones de energía firme a quienes representan plantas existentes, se fijó para el 17 de agosto del 2018.

Por su parte, la Resolución 084/2018 (en respuesta a la Resolución 066/2018 que estuvo en comentarios) establece el cronograma para que el Asic desarrolle otra subasta, pero en esta ocasión de Reconfiguración de Venta para el período comprendido entre el 1.° de diciembre del 2018 y el 30 de noviembre del 2019.

La Creg “convoca a todas las personas con plantas o unidades de generación que tienen asignación de OEF (…) a participar en la subasta”, señala la norma.

El texto señala, además, que los agentes que deseen participar en el concurso deberán atender los parámetros establecidos “en el anexo de la presente resolución”. Para este proceso, el plazo será hasta el 25 de septiembre de este año.

 

FUENTE: PORTAFOLIO

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